Did you know that the larva of a cricket has to malt and shed it’s hard exoskeleton 8-10 times before getting it’s wings and becoming an adult?
There are about sixteen types of crickets that are found in the Central Valley and twenty-four hundred types of crickets world wide.
In Fresno, CA you might spot one of the following types of crickets. Carolina locust, common coneheads, dark Jerusalem cricket, differential grasshopper, filed cricket, fork-tailed bush katydid, house cricket, Jerusalem cricket, mormon cricket, painted grasshopper, plains lubber grasshopper, red-legged grasshopper, slender meadow katydid, spur-throated grasshopper, square-legged camel cricket and two striped grasshopper.
Listening to thousands of crickets chirping on a camping trip can almost be relaxing but one cricket chirping all night next to your bed, under the furniture, can feel like torture if you are trying to get some sleep.
Breeding: The process of breeding among all the species depends upon the call. Male crickets are known to chirp however, female crickets cannot chirp. Some crickets are even known to be creative because they chirp in self-made songs, to attract the female crickets for mating. Male crickets stridulate by rubbing their wings together and creating the chirping sound. When female crickets attract to them, the pair connects through their antennas. That is how sperm is fertilized into the genitalia which is external and after the fertilization, the female cricket removes the sperm for mating with another make cricket later on.
The eggs are laid within a plant stem or in the soil underneath the bushes, where nymphs and larvae are grown.
Life Cycle: Since they are very large in the number of species, each type goes through a different procedure. However, the house crickets found mostly in and around our living space and in Fresno and Clovis, CA, have a very small life cycle proceeds as follows.
Egg: In about two weeks’ time, the egg becomes a nymph after being laid.
Nymph: This stage is similar to the adult version of the crickets. However, they appear smaller. This stage is when the crickets are not entirely mature, do not have wings and often become prey to the adult crickets.
In order to get to the adult stage, the nymph must go through the process of molting and shed its hard exoskeleton around eight to ten times and so it finally grows a pair of wings.
Adult: Upon reaching the adult stage, male crickets chirp around to look for female crickets to mate with as well as finding food for their selves. While female crickets, after mating, look for places where they can lay their eggs and find food at the same time.
Habitat: They are found almost anywhere there is nature such as grass, trees, fields, meadows, forests, bushes, swamps, and caves.